The native Pashtun tribes, who are often described as fiercely independent people, have inhabited the Pashtunistan region since at least the 1st millennium BC. Much of their mountainous territory has always remained without government rule or control. This is perhaps the main reason why the indigenous Pashtuns still follow Pashtunwali codes, which is a basic common law of the land or “code of life”. Pashtunwali rules are accepted in Afghanistan and Pakistan (mainly in and around the Pashtunistan region), including by some of the Pashtun communities around the world.
Adaipashtawar Abelia Triflora Aghzakai Prosopis Spicigera Anar Punicis Grantsum Badar Taxus Baccata Bahan Populus Euphratica Bajur Picea Webbiana Bandukai Ephedra Bera Zizyphus Jujuba Buja Dziga Wana Cherai Querons Kharpata Cherai Querons Ilex Ghwarha Cherai Sper Cherai Querons Incana Chinar Platanus Orientalis Ghujai Aluus Ghuraskai Dodonea Burmanniana Ghurghashtai Amygdalus Persica Ghwa Tamarix Orientalis Ghwarfja Ghwardza Gira Aluus Gulabghuri Rosa Brunonia Gurgura Reptonia Buxifolia Hagai Fraxinne Buxifolia
Haiku/Haiko is a very important form of traditional Japanese poetry. It is believed to have originated in the 17th century. Haikus are designed to convey the essence of an experience in a short format. Fortunately this format of poetry is added to our today’s modern Pashto literature, we see number of Pashtun authors busy writing haikus. Here, I’ll share some Haiko work with our readers
A Afia (عفيه) VitalityAghala (اغله) PleasingAmbrin (عمبرين) ScentAngeza (انګېزه) Reason, LogicApana (آپانه) AlmondAriana (اريانه) Land of Arians (Arial – Noble / Pure)B Badrai (بدري) Name of Fairy in a famous Fairy Tale (Saiful Malook o Badri Jamala Shaperai), Some people think it is related to the Arabic word “Badr” meaning New Moon.Bakhtawara (بختوره) LuckyBalbala (بلبله) Name of Bird; Bulbul; NightingaleBanafsha (بنفشه) Name of FlowerBarsala (برساله) EyelashesBibi (بي بي) LadyBibi Rokhana (بي بي روښانه) Rokhana – BrightBrekhna / Breshna (بريښنا) LightningD Diwa (ډيوه) Candle / LightDurkhanai (درخانئي) Heroine of Famous Folk
Abasin (اباسين) The Indus RiverAimal (اېمل) Friend, خوا خوږېAlam / Alamzeb (عالم \ عالم زيب) Alam: World, Zeb: BeautyAmail (امېل) NecklaceAmu (امو) The River AmuAndam (اندام) ForeverAngar (انګار) EmbersArman (ارمان) HopeArsalan (ارسلان)Asfand / Asfandyar (اسفند \ اسفنديار)Atal (اتل) Hero, Leader, GuideAtsak (اتڅک)Aurang () WatercolorAwalmir (اول مير) Prime ChiefAzlan (ازلان)Azmaray (ازمرې) Varient for Zmaray (Lion)B Babrak (بابرک) Little Basilica FlowerBacha (باچا) Nickname of Famous Pashtun LeaderBadam (بادام) AlmondBahram (بهرام)Bahrawar (بهرور) LionheartBakht Rawan (بخت روان) Running LuckBakhtawar / Bakht (بختور) LuckyBalach (بلاڅ)Balay (بلی) Cornice or EavesBehroz (بهروذ)Baryal / Baryalai (بريال \ بريالې)
The history of Pashto literature spreads over five thousands years having its roots in the oral tradition of tapa. However, the first recorded period begins with Bayazid Ansari (1526-74), who founded his own Sufi school of thoughts and began to preach his beliefs. He gave Pashto prose and poetry a new and powerful tone with a rich literary legacy. Khair-ul-Bayan, oft-quoted and bitterly criticized thesis, is most probably the first book on Sufism in Pashto literature. Among his disciples are some of the most distinguished poets, writers, scholars and
Pashto also transliterated Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto, Pashtu, Paxto or Pushtu), known as Afghan in Farsi and Pathan language|] ( the two languages being located on either side of Pashto),is the native language of the indigenous Pashtun people who are found primarily between an area south of the Amu Darya in Afghanistan and west of the Indus River in Pakistan. It is a member of the Eastern Iranian languages group spoken in Pakistan and Afghanistan as well as by the Pashtun diaspora around the world.Pashto belongs to the Northeastern branch